About the Krestetskaya Strochka factory Gift

Krestetskaya
Strochka

About the factory

A unique craft that originated in 1860 in Novgorod Region.

History

150 years

of krestetskaya strochka
history

1860

Having originated in Staroye Rakhino village of the Krestetsky Uyezd (County) of the Novgorod Gubernia (Governorate), this style of embroidery with unusual patterns shapes itself into a craft. On the way between Saint Petersburg and Moscow, well-off travelers used to stay in Kresttsy settlement, where they eagerly bought linen towels, tablecloths, bedspreads, curtains... Trying to add special charm to their work, local embroiderers decorated clothes and household items with embroidery.

1882

Tablecloths and curtains with drawn thread embroidery are for the first time exhibited in Moscow.

1911

Sample items decorated with krestetsky guipures were presented at the 1st Demonstrative Exhibition of Russia’s Arts and Crafts in Saint Petersburg. Hand embroiderer’s works were awarded the First Gold Medal at an international exhibition in Turin. The products of Novgorod embroidery cooperative associations get worldwide recognition.

1917

Craftsmen consolidated to form Krestetsky Artisan Credit Society.

1929

The Artistic Embroidery Supply and Sales Cooperative Society headed by P.I. Arhireyev is formed in the Kresttsy settlement.

29 January 1929 is considered to be the factory’s birthday.

1930

KRESTETSKAYA STROCHKA museum is founded to exhibit the best works by craftsmen of the past. The oldest item in the museum exhibition – The Sacred Tree of Life dates back to 1861.

Krestetsky Industrial Union is founded to join together 2500 handicraftsmen. Collective workshops are established, as well as instructor training courses for teaching needlework.

1931

Experimental workshop is set up, where new techniques, stitches and their combinations are developed.

Foreign firms get interested in the products by the cooperative association. The Spiro Company (Great Britain) becomes the first and the main buyer. Table and bed linen is supplied to France, Belgium, Holland, Sweden.

1936

The first two-storey building of the new factory is being constructed.

1940s

Around 5 000 people work in the Artistic Embroidery Cooperative Society. When the Great Patriotic War began, the factory stops working for some months. The museum’s exhibits are transported away from the region. 286 exhibits are kept in the Sverdlovsk Picture Gallery. A new period begins for the development of needlework crafts that has somewhat slowed down during the tough wartime.

1956

First attempts to make krestetsky stitches by using a machine. A two-storey brick building is constructed for the mechanized shop. Hand embroidery shop and experimental workshop continue to operate, developing the best traditions of guipure embroidery.

1960

The Artistic Embroidery Cooperative Society was rebranded as factory.

1970s

A period when new versions of traditional krestetsky stitches and their combinations were being developed. An opportunity emerges to significantly broaden the product range and create complicated thematic compositions.

The factory’s linen wares are annually displayed at Soviet and international exhibitions getting numerous awards and diplomas. Items are created that soon come to be recognized as Russia’s heritage and find their way into the collections of the country’s best museums.

1978

The factory is awarded the title of High Quality Production Enterprise.

1994

The state-owned enterprise is transformed into a joint-stock company.

1996

Krestetsky embroiderers make costumes for the participants of Miss Novgorod and Miss Russia competitions.

2000

The Kresttsy settlement in Krestetsky District of Novgorod Region is recognized as a habitat of folk arts and crafts for making needlework linen wares with traditional krestetsky embroidery.

2015

Change of owner. The factory re-emerged as a large industrial enterprise and set to regain its former prestige in Russia and abroad.

Today

The factory keeps increasing its production volumes and broadening the product range; a line of women’s and children’s clothes is being developed, with Krestetsky stitches used for decoration. The factory’s top managers are actively restoring the museum of this legendary craft, and organise tourist visits and workshops for children and adults.

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Now

Krestetskaya Strochka
Now

Today a large-scale project is being implemented at the Krestetskaya Strochka enterprise to revive and popularize traditional fishing in Russia and abroad.

Revival and keeping the traditions of the art of krestetsky embroidery
Creation of high-quality and distinctive products
Creating jobs for village dwellers in Novgorod region
Introduction of general public to the traditions of Russian embroidery
Environmental concern
Actualization of Russia’s export potential

in museums

Museums
where Krestetskaya Strochka
is on display

The State Hermitage Museum
Saint-Petersburg
State Russian Museum
Saint-Petersburg
Russian Museum of Ethnography
Saint-Petersburg
Novgorod State United Museum and Heritage Site
Veliky Novgorod
All-Russia Decorative Art Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Arts
Moscow

exhibitions

Exhibitions

2017
Moscow, Russia
21 October, display and opening ceremony of the Mersedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia.
Moscow, Russia
16 – 25 October, the Life Spring All-Russia Exhibition of Folk Arts and Craft.
Madrid, Spain
21 — 24 September, the INTERGIFT International Exhibition of Gifts and Decorative pieces.
Paris, France
8 — 12 September, the MAISON&OBJET International Exhibition of Interior Design, collective stand of the Russian Federation.
Kampen, the Netherlands
Hansa Weeks
Moscow, Russia
Moscow, Russia
“The Craftsman of Russia” Contest. A diploma and a medal in the “Lacemaking and Knitting” nominated category.
Moscow, the USSR
World’s Fair. Soviet pavilion.
1967
Montreal, Canada.
World’s Fair. Soviet pavilion.
Moscow, the USSR
International Clothes Exhibition in Sokolniki.
Moscow, the USSR
Exhibition at the Museum of Folk Arts devoted to the 50th anniversary of the Soviet Rule.
Moscow, the USSR
Exhibition of manufactured goods at the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union.
International
Exhibitions in France and Czechoslovakia.
1965
Novgorod, the USSR
Exhibition of Folk Arts and Crafts.
International
Exhibitions in Croatia, Holland, Burma.
1964
International
Exhibitions in GDR, Algeria, Izmir, Poland, Croatia, Italy, Hungary.
1963
International
Exhibitions in Poland, Syria, Italy, North Korea, Hungary, West Africa (Ghana), China.
Moscow, the USSR
All-Russia Exhibition Show of Folk Arts and Crafts at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements of the USSR. Highest diploma.
1962
International
Exhibitions in Syria, Turkey, GDR, Germany, Croatia, Algeria, Iran, Hungary, Poland, Cuba, Italy, Japan.
The USSR
Exhibition at the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union.
1961
International
Exhibitions in Syria, Germany, Poland, Libya, Cyprus, Croatia, Turkey, Sudan, Tunisia, Iran, Brazil, India.
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Krestetskaya
Strochka
Museum

Krestetskaya Strochka
Museum

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In 1930, due to the initiative of Pyotr Arhireyev, the head of the Artistic Embroidery Cooperative, the Museum of KRESTETSKAYA STROCHKA was founded. He started collecting exhibits for the museum – craftsmen’s best works. The oldest item, the Sacred Life Tree towel, dates back to 1861. At present it is being exhibited in the Russian Museum in Saint Petersburg.

During the Great Patriotic War sample items were temporarily evacuated from Kresttsy, in particular, 286 of them were kept in the collections of the Sverdlovsk picture gallery (Ekaterinburg).

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Museum’s main goals
1
Preservation of the outstanding embroidery samples of different times.
2
Generalization of the main methods of KRESTETSKAYA STROCHKA.
3
Arranging contests among craftsmen.
4
Experimental grounds, development and testing new techniques and ornaments.